Trending October 2023 # Ways To Prevent Budgetary Slack # Suggested November 2023 # Top 13 Popular |

Trending October 2023 # Ways To Prevent Budgetary Slack # Suggested November 2023 # Top 13 Popular

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Definition of Budgetary Slack

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It is normally possible in case of a new product line where the previous budgets are not available. It is also possible when the top management have given more authorities to middle management. It is done where bonuses or performance appraisal are based on the targets achieved. The purpose of doing budgetary slack is to impress the top management and to earn additional bonuses. If the budgetary slack exists then it shows that there is lack in the management by the executives. If after preparation of budgets and before finalization of budgets, the budgetary estimations are analyzed by the executives and the top management then this problem would not exist.

Example of Budgetary Slack

ABC Ltd delegates the preparation of budgets to the concerned departmental managers. The approach of the organization is to do performance appraisal by achieving the budgeted targets and pressure for achieving the budgeted revenue is very high on the managers. The sales manager found it difficult to achieve the sales target as per the potential of ABC Ltd. of $ 500,000. So, the sales manager deliberately reduced the estimated revenue by $ 50,000 and showed the estimated revenue of $ 450,000, and the top management approved the budgets of all the respective managers without analyzing the figures or comparing the figures with the last year.

Causes of Budgetary Slack

The causes of Budgetary Slack are provided and discussed as below-

Budgetary slack is possible when the results are unexpected i.e. when the data is not properly available. It is possible where the product line is new and the previous budgets are not available.

Budgetary slack occurs when there is a lack of information and knowledge to the management or the budget preparer.

Deliberate budgetary slack occurs when the performance appraisals and bonuses are depending upon the targets achieved.

Budgetary slack occurs when the top management does not analyze the budgets prepared by the managers and approve the budgets as it is prepared by the managers or officials.

When the management and employees of the organizations are not loyal to the organization or when there is no job security that also causes the budgetary slack.

Budgetary slack occurs when there is participative budget is prepared and there are too many people involved in preparing budgets.

Ways to Prevent Budgetary Slack

The ways of preventing from budgetary slacks are provided and discussed as below-

The top management should employ honest and dedicated employees so as to prevent from budgetary slack.

The authority to prepare budgets should be given to limited and knowledgeable personnel only so as to ensure the efficiency of budgets prepared.

The policies of the organization should not be fully dedicated to performance evaluation and achieving the budgeted targets.

Before approving the budgets, it should be properly evaluated by the top management.

The budgets should be compared with industry performance.

There should be job security amongst the employees so that the personnel does not have the need to do the deliberate budgetary slack.

Advantages of Budgetary Slack

The better results are achieved with the help of budgetary slack. As the managers will try to do the best to meet the target of over and above budget.

As the future is uncertain so it can be said that budgets are prepared on the conservative basis.

If the cost is over-estimated in the budgets estimates it can be shifted to the future years.

In case of new product line budgetary slack gives the flexibility to the management and budgets can be changed as per the market developments and business performance and operations.

Goals can be easily achieved with the budgetary slack which increases the motivation amongst the lower level of management.

With the budgetary slack the efficiency of the employees can be decreased as the targets can be achieved easily with underestimation of revenue.

The company’s overall growth gets reduced with the budgetary slack.

The decision of investors’ can also be affected due to budgetary slack.

Managements’ decision also gets affected due to budgetary slack as the management takes budget as base for planning and other future decisions.


Budgetary slack means underestimation of revenue and overestimation of expenses. It may be done deliberately by the organizations’ employees and officials so as to get the performance appraisals and incentives for achieving the budgets or higher than it. Budgetary slack is possible where there is new line of product or where there is less analysis of budget by the top management of the organization. Budgetary slack shows that top management also lacks in the controls. It also indicates that the employees are dishonest with the organization and this might be because of no job security or the rigid policies by top management or heavy target-oriented pressure to the employees by the top management. Due to budgetary slack the organizational efficiency cannot be achieved and managements’ decision can also get wrong as the budgets are considered as base for future decisions. It can be reduced by motivating the employees and by less target-oriented performance appraisal approach.

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